Methodology

The data of the project is based on 10,000 decisions extracted from the Upper Tribunal website (Immigration and asylum chamber).

The decisions have been filtered by country and by a list of religions considered persecuted by the annual report of The United States Commission on International Religious Freedom.

In all the decisions included in the table, the main reason to claim asylum is the risk of religious persecution. The religion indicated in the table is the appellant’s religion or the religion of a member of his or her family (normally the appellant’s husband or wife). The persecution can come from the government or violent groups from other religions or ethnicities. In the case of women of Muslim origin or women in mixed marriages, the persecution has also the form of social discrimination or the rejection by their family, which means to be completely marginalised.

Many of the conflicts that motivate asylum claims are based on clashes between different denominations of Islam and, for this reason, some of the different branches are indicated. The rulings where the branch of Islam was not specified have the word Muslim.

In some countries, the religious differences are also ethnic differences. For this reason, Rohingya, Uighurs and Kurds (Muslims) are indicated separately.

Not to belong to any religion in a religious country can also lead to discrimination. This is the situation of the persons defined in some court rulings “non-jewish” or “atheist”.